Red de sensores inalámbricos multisalto para sistemas domóticos de bajo costo y área extendida

Eduardo Vicente Mendoza Merchán, Pablo Gustavo Fuentes Espinoza, Israel Francisco Benítez Pina, Danner Reina Tabares, José Ricardo Núñez Alvarez

Resumen

Las redes de sensores inalámbricos disponen de un campo muy amplio de aplicaciones y aún muchos desafíos pendientes, especialmente aquellos relacionados con la evolución de la electrónica digital, ancho de banda, reducción de costos de implementación, cobertura de red y capacidad de procesamiento. Este documento propone una configuración de red inalámbrica multisalto orientada a instalaciones domóticas inteligentes, basadas en microcontroladores de 32 bits y módulos de comunicación inalámbrica de bajo costo, que permita tener cobertura completa entre los dispositivos del sistema domótico con una reducida pérdida de datos, mejora en la capacidad de procesamiento, adaptabilidad y escalabilidad en los nodos sensores. La evaluación del desempeño de la red considera las siguientes métricas: tiempo de respuesta, alcance de red, escalabilidad y precisión. Los resultados experimentales determinaron una adaptación exitosa del protocolo multisalto AODV, permitiendo una cobertura suficiente para una vivienda unifamiliar, a una velocidad de transmisión de 250Kbps, que garantiza la integridad y seguridad de los datos.


Palabras clave

Redes de sensores inalámbricas, comunicaciones y redes de comunicaciones, redes multisalto, control con microprocesador, QoS, arquitecturas de control distribuido

Clasificación por materias

Arquitecturas de control y tecnología de computadores

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