Control inteligente para mejorar el rendimiento de una plataforma semisumergible híbrida con aerogeneradores y convertidores de oleaje: sistema de control borroso para la turbina

Pedro Mayorga Rubio, Javier Fernández Quijano, Pablo Zambrana López, J Jesús Fernández Lozano, Alfonso García Cerezo, Joaquín Ortega Casanova

Resumen

El aprovechamiento de la energía eólica marina está limitado por la saturación de los emplazamientos viables en tierra o aguas poco profundas. Esto hace que el empleo de plataformas semisumergibles mar adentro sea una opción atractiva, que además permite incorporar otros elementos como convertidores de oleaje. Sin embargo, las interacciones entre convertidores de olas y aerogeneradores aumentan la complejidad del sistema, y las técnicas de control convencional no permiten considerar fácilmente estas interacciones, limitando el aprovechamiento de la energía primaria. El uso de técnicas de control inteligente, en particular control borroso, permite considerar estas interacciones y mejorar este aprovechamiento, si bien es necesario contar con modelos y sistemas de simulación que incluyan estos efectos. Este trabajo presenta el desarrollo de un sistema de control basado en lógica borrosa, escalable para considerar los efectos del control de convertidores de oleaje; para el control de un aerogenerador instalado en una plataforma semisumergible OC4.


Palabras clave

Técnicas de control inteligente; Control borroso y sistemas borrosos; Simulación de sistemas; Energías renovables; Control PID y variantes; Sostenibilidad y estabilidad medioambiental; Modelado, diseño e integración de sistemas mecatrónicos

Clasificación por materias

Técnicas de control inteligente; Control borroso y sistemas borrosos; Simulación de sistemas

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Energies  vol: 14  num.: 10  primera página: 2850  año: 2021  
doi: 10.3390/en14102850



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