Satisfacción Laboral en docentes universitarios: medición y estudio de variables influyentes

L. J. Pujol-Cols

Resumen

Los docentes representan el principal activo estratégico de las Universidades. Sus conocimientos y expertise constituyen el core-competence de este fenotipo organizacional. Es precisamente a través del desempeño de las actividades académicas (i.e. investigación, enseñanza, extensión) que éstos contribuyen a la efectividad en el funcionamiento de las Universidades, así como a su visibilidad, reputación y prestigio en el mercado académico. Debido a la incidencia probada de la satisfacción laboral sobre la salud ocupacional y otras variables de performance de gran interés para la gestión, resulta relevante su medición y estudio sistemático en las Universidades. En este artículo, se efectúa un relevamiento del nivel de satisfacción (global y por atributos) de una muestra representativa de docentes de una Universidad pública argentina, indagándose en las facetas para las cuales se registran puntajes promedio menores. A su vez, y través del empleo de técnicas estadísticas de análisis multivariado (e.g. análisis factorial, análisis de regresión múltiple), se estudia la incidencia simultánea de un set de variables sociodemográficas y relativas a las condiciones de trabajo en la satisfacción laboral. De esta investigación se obtiene que niveles menores se registran en cuestiones atinentes a los mecanismos de acceso a cargos docentes, percepción de justicia dentro del sistema y perspectivas de movilidad ascendente. Las principales variables predictivas que parecieran explicar de manera significativa la satisfacción laboral de los docentes son su edad y la jerarquía de su cargo. 

Palabras clave

satisfacción laboral; modelo; Universidad; docentes

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Revista Venezolana de Gerencia  vol: 26  num.: 5 Edición Especial  primera página: 190  año: 2021  
doi: 10.52080/rvgluz.26.e5.13



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