Equidad en tiempos de tasas universitarias elevadas: un estudio de caso sobre las universidades inglesas

Steven Jones

Resumen

En 2012, el sistema de Educación Superior Inglés fue testigo de uno de los mayores incrementos sobre el coste de participación del alumnado en la Universidad. La cuota anual para el programa de licenciatura se elevó a un nuevo límite establecido en £9.000 anuales. Unido a esta situación se produjeron cambios en los procedimientos de re-embolso que, según algunos responsables políticos y otros defensores de este sistema, han permitido avanzar hacia un marco más progresivo. Pero, a pesar de esta situación, la participación del alumnado menos favorecido respecto a la demanda en la educación superior no se ha visto disminuida, incluido en las Universidades de mayor prestigio. Este artículo examina el imaginario colectivo generado en torno al incremento de la tasas de matrícula en 2012, con la intención de aportar luz al debate sobre cómo se han generado los distintos discursos públicos en torno a la cuestión de la participación en tiempos de incremento de la tasas de matrícula. Se argumenta que el mayor gasto general para la mayoría del alumnado, en términos de transferencia a lo largo del tiempo, ha sido parcialmente ocultado en favor de un discurso que enfatiza los beneficios a corto plazo para los graduados medios, que genere ingresos y concesiones a largo plazo para los graduados con menores ingresos. Tomando como referencia de estudio de caso este modelo contemporáneo inglés, se exploran las implicaciones sobre la calidad y, más particularmente, la equidad con menor regulación, en un sistema de educación superior más orientado al mercado. También se presta atención a los efectos en los procedimientos de selección y sobre cuestiones más amplias sobre el grado en que la universidad es percibida como un bien público o privado.

 


Palabras clave

Tasas universitarias; Universidades inglesas; Mercantilización; Extensión de la participación; discurso público

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Referencias

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1. “If they’ve had a middle class upbringing that’s not their fault”: the professional practices and personal identities of admissions staff at selective universities in England
Steven Jones, David Hall, Joanna Bragg
Higher Education  vol: 77  num.: 5  primera página: 931  año: 2019  
doi: 10.1007/s10734-018-0311-9



Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.

e-ISSN: 1887-4592   https://doi.org/10.4995/redu