Ambidextrismo o el equilibrio: la esencia de las competencias emprendedoras y su aprendizaje no formal

M. Ripollés, F. Michavila

Resumen

El reconocimiento generalizado de la im­portancia de las competencias empren­dedoras para el éxito profesional de los estudiantes está llevando a las universida­des a desarrollar entornos que faciliten su aprendizaje. Sin embargo, todavía existen importantes cuestiones por resolver que limitan la eficacia de dichos entornos. No existe consenso sobre el tipo de compor­tamiento emprendedor que debería esti­mularse en los estudiantes universitarios, ni sobre el concepto de competencias em­prendedoras que más se ajusta al entorno específico de las universidades. Además, las propuestas didácticas que pudieran plantearse deben considerar que, aunque los sistemas de evaluación formativos son apropiados a la hora de medir competen­cias transversales, también son más com­plejos. En este trabajo se considera que la educación no formal universitaria es un instrumento potente para el aprendizaje de competencias emprendedoras en los estudiantes universitarios, ya que otorga la flexibilidad que éste requiere. En con­secuencia, se presenta una propuesta di­dáctica integral que facilita la adquisición de competencias emprendedoras en el ámbito universitario, se exponen las prin­cipales características pedagógicas que inspiran dicha propuesta y su relación con los distintos tipos de competencias emprendedoras. El artículo finaliza con la presentación de un sistema de evaluación formativo que resalta la importancia de la reflexión como elemento de aprendizaje.


Palabras clave

competencias emprendedoras; competencias ambidextras; evaluación de competencias; educación no formal; evaluación formativa

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