To Study and Compare Perception of Health Care Professionals Regarding the Role of Pharmacist in Health Care System in Pakistan

Tashfeen Akhtar, Mehak Maqsood, M Adnan Bashir, Umer Hayat Gul, Amina Rashid, Muhammad Shahzad Aslam, Saima Nisar


The healthcare team is mainly a triad of Physicians, Pharmacist & Nurses. Objective: The purpose of this paper is to help healthcare professionals understand more clearly the role of pharmacists within a health care team, especially inter-professional communication, pharmacists' responsibilities, and availability issues. A total of 200 samples were selected from 4 hospitals which include 100 samples of doctors and 100 of the nurses. Each sample is basically a questionnaire comprising of 23 questions. A total of two hundred questionnaires were distributed and one hundred and seventy-six questionnaires were returned resulting in the response rate of 88%. Pharmacists are being one of the major healthcare professional groups in the world after physicians and nurses are playing a very significant role in health care system. This understanding is a requirement for better communication and collaboration among the professions and for accomplishing the combined goal of better health care system.


Pharmacist; Healthcare; Quantitative analysis; Pakistan

Full Text:



Anderson, S. (2002). The state of the world's pharmacy: a portrait of the pharmacy profession. Journal of Interprofessional Care , 16 (4), 391-404.

Anonymous (2007). Report of Health System Review Mission Pakistan.

Azhar, S., Hassali, M., & Ibrahim, M. Perceptions of Hospital Pharmacist’s Role in Pakistan’s Healthcare System: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research , 10 (1), 2011.

Anonymous, (1983). Schering Report V; Pharmacists and Physicians: Attitudes and Perceptions of Two Professions. Kenilworth, NJ: Schering Corporation.

Azhar, S., & Hassali, M. (2009). Evaluating the perception of doctors towards the role of pharmacist in Pakistan's healthcare system. Malaysia Journal of Pharmacy , 1 (7), 105.

Babar, Z. (2006). Pakistan National University of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Am J Pharm Educ , 70 (123).

Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Bureau of Health Professions,. (2008, December). The Adequacy of Pharmacist Supply: 2004 to 2030 .

Fletcher, J., Hogg, W., Farrell, B., Woodend, K., Dahrouge, S., Lemelin, J., & Dalziel, W. (2012). Effect of nurse practitioner and pharmacist counseling on inappropriate medication use in family practice. Canadian Family Physician, 58(8), 862-868.

Higby, G. (1996). Pharmaceutical Care. In C. Knowlton, & R. Penna, From Compounding to Caring: An Abridged History of American Pharmacy (pp. 18-45). New York: Chapman & Hall.

Hadzović, S. (1996). Pharmacy and the great contribution of Arab-Islamic science to its development. Medicinski arhiv , 51 (1-2), 47-50.

Health Sector of Pakistan : Redefining Roles and Overcoming Challenges . (2014, April). Retrieved October 2014, from Journal of pioneering medical sciences blog:

Hepler, C., & Strand , L. (1990). Opportunities and responsibilities in pharmaceutical care. Journal of American Pharmacists Association , 47 (3), 533-543.

Hirsch, J., Gagnon, J., & Camp, R. (1990). Value of pharmacy services: perceptions of consumers, physicians, and third party prescription plan administrators. Am Pharm , 20-25.

Horsburgh, M., Lamdin, R., & Williamson, A. (2001). Multi Professional learning: the attitudes of medical, nursing and pharmacy students to shared learning. Med Educ , 35 (9), 876-883.

Griffin, J. (1986). More physician–pharmacist cooperation needed. N Engl J Med , 315 (17), 1097.

Glaser, M. (1988). What today's doctors think about pharmacists. Drug Top , 132, 32-34,38,40.

Khan, A. (2009). Re-defined role of pharmacist in public sector hospitals of Pakistan. 15th International Pharmacy Conference and Exhibition. Lahore: PPA.

Mitchell, J. (1990). Building cooperation with physicians: an interview with Charles Fortner. Am Pharm , 24-26.

Makowsky, M., Schindel, T., Rosenthal, M., Campbell, K., Tsuyuki, R., & Madill, H. (2009). Collaboration between pharmacists, physicians and nurse practitioners: a qualitative investigation of working relationships in the inpatient medical setting. Journal of interprofessional care , 23 (2), 169-184.

Muijrers, P., JA, K., J, S., R, J., & RP, G. (2003). Changing relationship:attitude and opinion of general practitioners and pharmacist regarding the role of the community pharmacist. Pharm World Sci , 25 (5), 235-241.

Morely, A., Jepson, M., Edwards, C., & Stillman, P. (1983). What do doctors think of pharmacists treating minor ailments? Pharm J. (231), 387-388.

World Health Report 2000 – Health systems: improving performance. Geneva, WHO. (2000). Retrieved October 2014, from World Health Organization:

WHO: Preamble to the Constitution of the World Health. (1964). International Health Conference. New York.

Worley, M., Schommer, J., Brown, L., Hadsall, R., Ranelli, P., Stratton, T., et al. (2007). Pharmacists' and patients' roles in the pharmacist-patient relationship: are pharmacists and patients reading from the same relationship script? Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy , 3 (1), 47-69.

World Health Report (2000). Geneva: World Health Organization.

Owen, J. A., & Anne Burns. (2010). Medication Use, Related Problems and Medication Therapy Management,” in The Pharmacist in Public Health: Education, Applications, and Opportunities,”. American Pharmacists Association .

Thomas, P. (1991). Professional relationships between general practitioners and pharmacists in health centers. Br J Gen Pract , 41, 84-85.

Abstract Views

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

This journal is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NonDerivs 4.0 Internacional License.

Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2341-2593