Internal Assessment of a Physical Education Teacher Education Program in the Philippines using the Engagement Theory of Program Quality (ETPQ)
Keywords:Bachelor of Physical Education, engagement theory of program quality, quality assurance, sequential-explanatory design, teacher education
The presence of various quality assurance measures was evidenced in the mainstream of higher education across the world and is a well-accepted normative standard of excellence even in the Philippines. However, there is a need to examine programs that strongly manifest students’ engagement in the educational system. Hence, this study was sought to facilitate the conduct of an internal quality assessment of the Bachelor of Physical Education program from a teacher education institution in a state university in Pampanga, Philippines grounded on the Engagement Theory of Program Quality (ETPQ) (Haworth & Conrad, 1997). A mixed-methods sequential explanatory design (follow-up variant explanatory model) was used to examine the importance, concreteness, and effectiveness of the 16 attributes of the ETPQ model by the students and faculty members of the program. Results of the quantitative strand revealed that the ETPQ attributes are generally perceived to be extremely important, highly evident, and highly to extremely effective, and yielded no significant differences between the two groups. Moreover, linear regression (forward selection method) revealed ten (10) attributes of the ETPQ in terms of concreteness to be significant predictors of effectiveness. Additionally, the qualitative strand further explored these attributes to reveal the best practices in the program. Congruence between the respondents’ assessment and their narrative experiences was also confirmed. The inputs derived may pave the way for the institutionalization of quality assurance mechanisms that put into premium the strong engagement of the students complementary with other stakeholders.
Anguera, M. T., Camerino, O., & Castañer, M. (2012). Mixed methods procedures and designs for research on sport, physical education, and dance. Mixed Methods Research in the Movement Sciences: Case Studies in Sport, Physical Education and Dance, 3-27. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203132326-9
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa
Caro, V. B., & Prado, N. I. (2014). Quality of the doctoral programs in educational management programs in Region 10, Philippines: A causal model. Liceo Journal of Higher Education Research, 10(1), 253-265. https://doi.org/10.7828/ljher.v10i1.672
Commission on Higher Education. (2005). Institutional monitoring and evaluation for quality assurance of all higher education institutions in the Philippines. (CMO. 15, s. 2005). https://ched.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/CMO-No.15-s2005.pdf
Commission on Higher Education. (2011). Policies, standards, and guidelines for Bachelor of Physical Education major in School P.E. (BPE-SPE) and major in Sports and Wellness Management (BPE-SWM) programs. (CMO. 23, s. 2011). https://ched.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/CMO-No.23-s2011.pdf
Commission on Higher Education. (2017). Policies, standards, and guidelines for Bachelor of Physical Education (BPEd). (CMO. 80, s. 2017). https://ched.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/CMO-No.-80-s.-2017.pdf
Creswell, J. W., Plano Clark, V. L., Gutmann, M. L., & Hanson, W. E. (2003). An expanded typology for classifying mixed methods research into designs. A. Tashakkori y C. Teddlie, Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioral research, 209-240. https://us.corwin.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/19291_Chapter_7.pdf
Creswell, J., & Plano Clark, V. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. SAGE. https://doi.org/10.1177/1094428108318066
Data Privacy Act of 2012, N. P. C. §§ 8-11 (2012). https://www.privacy.gov.ph/data-privacy-act/#1
Dimarucot, H. C. (2019). Evaluation of Bachelor of Physical Education major in Sports and Wellness Management program in San Beda University using the engagement theory of program quality (ETPQ). Scientia: The International Journal on the Liberal Arts, 8(1), 168-187. https://scientia-sanbeda.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/v8n1.08-Dimarucot.pdf.
Dimarucot, H. C., & Rosales, M. J. D. (2020). Educational equity through engagement in the Bachelor of Physical Education major in Sports and Wellness Management program in the National Capital Region. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 8(2). http://www.apjmr.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/APJMR-2020.8.2.16.pdf.
Don Honorio Ventura State University. (n.d.). Student handbook. The Author.
Dos Santos Marques, I. C., Theiss, L. M., Johnson, C. Y., McLin, E., Ruf, B. A., Vickers, S. M., Fouad, M. N., Scarinci, I. C., & Chu, D. I. (2021). Implementation of virtual focus groups for qualitative data collection in a global pandemic. American Journal of Surgery, 221(5), 918-922. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.10.009
Durban, J. M., & Catalan, R. D. (2012). Issues and concerns of Philippine education through the years. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 1(2), 61-69.
Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and Sports, O. G. § 1 (1987). https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/constitutions/the-1987-constitution-of-the-republic-of-the-philippines/the-1987-constitution-of-the-republic-of-the-philippines-article-xiv/.
Elmusharaf, K. (2016). Qualitative sampling techniques. Paper presented at Training Course in Sexual and Reproductive Health Research. https://www.gfmer.ch/SRH-Course-2016/research-methodology/Qualitative-sampling-techniques-Elmusharaf-2016.htm.
Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, O. G. § 1 (2013). https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/downloads/2013/09sep/20130904-IRR-RA-10533-BSA.pdf
Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error: Algebra and Statistics. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(3), 382-388. https://doi.org/10.1177/002224378101800313
Haworth, J. G., & Conrad, C. F. (1997). Emblems of Quality in Higher Education. Developing and Sustaining High-Quality Programs. Allyn & Bacon.
Heat, A. E., Altenburger, P., Brechter, J. H., Chleboun, G., Jette, D. U., Pike, G., Schilling, D., Topp, K., & Tschoepe, B. (2018). Developing a tool to assess physical therapist educational program quality with engagement theory: The American Council of Academic Physical Therapy Benchmarks for Excellence Task Force. Journal of Physical Therapy Education, 32(2), 109-117. https://doi.org/10.1097/JTE.0000000000000048
Higher Education Act of 1994, O. G. § 2 (1994). https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/downloads/1994/05may/19940518-RA-07722-FVR.pdf.
Kornelis, P. C. (2004). Faculty members' and students' perceptions of quality in Master of Education programs within member schools of the CCCU. University of South Dakota. https://www.proquest.com/openview/65f897f9361e95db506f3a757578f925/1.
Krueger, R. A., & Casey, M. A. (2002). Designing and conducting focus group interviews. https://www.eiu.edu/ihec/Krueger-FocusGroupInterviews.pdf.
Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. SAGE Journals. https://doi.org/10.1016/0147-1767(85)90062-8
Mustan, T. (1998). Operationalization and preliminary testing of the engagement theory. The University of Wisconsin-Madison. https://www.proquest.com/openview/72e4968120bee93a2fbff8aa9285cffd/1.
National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. (1979). The Belmont report: Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. https://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/sites/default/files/the-belmont-report-508c_FINAL.pdf.
Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H. (1994.) The assessment of reliability. Psychometric Theory, 3, 248-292. https://www.scirp.org/(S(i43dyn45teexjx455qlt3d2q))/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=1960143.
Orlanda, M. M. (2015). Revisiting the service physical education program at the tertiary level: Basis for a revitalized program. Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 3(5), 29-35. http://www.apjmr.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/APJMR-2015-3.5.3.04.pdf.
Panganiban, T. D. C. (2019). Quality assessment of physical education programs of state universities in the Philippines. Jurnal SPORTIF: Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran, 5(2), 166-174. https://doi.org/10.29407/js_unpgri.v5i2.12983
Philippine Health Research Ethics Board. (2018). National Ethical Guidelines for Health and Health-Related Research. https://ethics.healthresearch.ph/index.php/phoca-downloads/category/4-neg.
SHAPE America. (2017). National Standards for Initial Physical Education Teacher Education. https://www.shapeamerica.org/accreditation/peteacherprep.aspx.
Simmons, J. (2011). Interdisciplinary studies students' academic and social engagement: A quantitative study. http://stars.library.ucf.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2713&context=etd.
Tagare, R., & Villaluz, G. (2021). Enhancing tertiary physical education by determining the activity preferences of generation Z students. Multidisciplinary Journal for Education, Social and Technological Sciences, 8(2), 92-106. https://doi.org/10.4995/muse.2021.15492
Warden, S. P., & Benshoff, J. M. (2012). Testing the engagement theory of program quality in CACREP‐accredited counselor education programs. Counselor Education and Supervision, 51(2), 127-140. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6978.2012.00009.x
Wipulanusat, W., Panuwatwanich, K., Stewart, R. A., & Sunkpho, J. (2020). Applying mixed methods sequential explanatory design to innovation management. In The 10th International Conference on Engineering, Project, and Production Management (pp. 485-495). Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-1910-9_40
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Multidisciplinary Journal for Education, Social and Technological Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License