Adoption of E-Learning at Higher Education Institutions: A Systematic Literature Review

Rushna Khalil Awan, Gul Afshan, Atia Bano Memon


The concept of e-learning offers a number of benefits, however, the effective adoption of e-learning systems at HEIs is a relatively new concept and thus a challenging task. The comprehensive review of extant literature on the topic of adoption of e-learning systems at HEIs is provided. Using PRISMA search technique, relevant articles published from 2005 to 2020 owing to the widespread adoption of e-learning since 2005 were selected. The paper identifies and puts forward the level of compatibility and readiness of students and teachers in adopting e-learning, factors that motivate and hinder the adoption of e-learning respectively, benefits of adopting an e-learning system, and the strategies for the effective implementation of e-learning at the higher education institutions. In this realm of COVID-19 and e-learning, this paper also envisage different strategies, policies and recommendations for implementing e-learning in an effective way at HEIs.


E-learning; digital learning; higher education institutions; higher education; ICT in education

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