Industrial eco-productivity tool: A case study of industrial SMEs


  • Idoia Urain Mondragon Unibertsitatea
  • Daniel Justel Mondragon Unibertsitatea
  • Joan Manuel F. Mendoza Mondragon Unibertsitatea
  • José Alberto Eguren Mondragon Unibertsitatea



Industrial eco-productivity, production sustainability, resource efficiency


This paper presents a new, unified method to measure and increase production and environmental performance in industrial SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises), which have very limited resources, by identifying areas to improve and forming related projects. This structured, easy-to-apply method is based on standard systems to measure waste production efficiency and eco-efficiency and unifies them in a single reference value. In addition, a case study is shown where the industrial eco-efficiency of the company is obtained with the developed tool.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Idoia Urain, Mondragon Unibertsitatea

Faculty of Engineering, Mechanics and Industrial Production

Daniel Justel, Mondragon Unibertsitatea

Faculty of Engineering, Mechanics and Industrial Production

Joan Manuel F. Mendoza, Mondragon Unibertsitatea

Faculty of Engineering, Mechanics and Industrial Production ; Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science

José Alberto Eguren, Mondragon Unibertsitatea

Faculty of Engineering, Mechanics and Industrial Production


Baysan, S., Kabadurmus, O., Cevikcan, E., Satoglu, S.I., & Durmusoglu, M.B. (2019). A simulation-based methodology for the analysis of the effect of lean tools on energy efficiency: An application in power distribution industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 211, 895-908.

Blume, S.A. (2020). Resource efficiency in manufacturing value chains. Sustainable Production, Life Cycle Engineering and Management, 9-40.

Chenavaz, R.Y., Dimitrov, S., & Figge, F. (2021). When does eco-efficiency rebound or backfire? An analytical model. European Journal of Operational Research, 290(2), 687-700.

Coughlan, P., & Coghlan, D. (2002). Action research for operations management. International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 22(2), 220-240.

Domingo, R., & Aguado, S. (2015). Overall environmental equipment effectiveness as a metric of a lean and green manufacturing system. Sustainability (Switzerland), 7(7), 9031-9047.

Duarte, S., & Cruz Machado, V. (2017). Green and lean implementation: an assessment in the automotive industry. International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, 8(1), 65-88.

Durán, O., Capaldo, A., & s, P.A.D. (2018). Sustainable overall throughputability effectiveness (S.O.T.E.) as a metric for production systems. Sustainability (Switzerland), 10(2).

Fercoq, A., Lamouri, S., & Carbone, V. (2016). Lean/Green integration focused on waste reduction techniques. Journal of Cleaner Production, 137, 567-578.

Hahn, T., Figge, F., Liesen, A., & Barkemeyer, R. (2010). Opportunity cost based analysis of corporate eco-efficiency: A methodology and its application to the CO2-efficiency of German companies. Journal of Environmental Management, 91(10), 1997-2007.

Huppes, G., & Ishikawa, M. (2007). Quantified Eco-Efficiency. 22.

Karmaker, C.L., Ahmed, T., Ahmed, S., Ali, S.M., Moktadir, M.A., & Kabir, G. (2021). Improving supply chain sustainability in the context of COVID-19 pandemic in an emerging economy: Exploring drivers using an integrated model. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 26, 411-427.

Liedtke, C., Bienge, K., Wiesen, K., Teubler, J., Greiff, K., Lettenmeier, M., & Rohn, H. (2014). Resource use in the production and consumption system-the MIPS approach. Resources, 3(3), 544-574.

Liker, J.K. (2006). Las Claves de éxito Toyota.

Llanquileo-Melgarejo, P., & Molinos-Senante, M. (2022). Assessing eco-productivity change in Chilean municipal solid waste services. Utilities Policy, 78.

Ma, S., Hu, S., Chen, D., & Zhu, B. (2015). A case study of a phosphorus chemical firm's application of resource efficiency and eco-efficiency in industrial metabolism under circular economy. Journal of Cleaner Production, 87(1), 839-849.

Ma, T., & Cao, X. (2022). Spatial Econometric Study on the Impact of Industrial Upgrading on Green Total Factor Productivity. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2022.

Millard, D. (2011). Management Learning and the Greening of SMEs: Moving beyond Problem-Solving: German Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(2), 178-195.

Muchiri, P., & Pintelon, L. (2008). Performance measurement using overall equipment effectiveness (OEE): Literature review and practical application discussion. International Journal of Production Research, 46(13), 3517-3535.

Muñoz-Villamizar, A., Santos, J., Montoya-Torres, J.R., & Ormazábal, M. (2018). Environmental Assessment Using a Lean Based Tool. Studies in Computational Intelligence, 762, 41-50.

Nguyen, M.A.T., Yu, M.M., & Lirn, T.C. (2022). Airlines' eco-productivity changes and the European Union Emissions Trading System. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 102.

Saravia-Pinilla, M.H., Daza-Beltrán, C., & García-Acosta, G. (2019). Eco-Productivity: A Useful Guide for Sustainability Decision-Making. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 825, 950-959.

Singh, R., Shah, D.B., Gohil, A.M., & Shah, M.H. (2013). Overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) calculation - Automation through hardware & software development. Procedia Engineering, 51, 579-584.

Thant, M.M., & Charmondusit, K. (2010). Eco-efficiency assessment of pulp and paper industry in Myanmar. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 12(4), 427-439.

Verma, S., & Gustafsson, A. (2020). Investigating the emerging COVID-19 research trends in the field of business and management: A bibliometric analysis approach. Journal of Business Research, 118, 253-261.

Verrier, B., Rose, B., & Caillaud, E. (2016). Lean and Green strategy: The Lean and Green House and maturity deployment model. Journal of Cleaner Production, 116, 150-156.

Yin, R.K. (2013). Case study research: Design and Methods (3th ed.). SAGE Publications Ltd.




How to Cite

Urain, I., Justel, D., F. Mendoza, J. M., & Eguren, J. A. (2023). Industrial eco-productivity tool: A case study of industrial SMEs. International Journal of Production Management and Engineering, 11(1), 43–52.