Electrification of Madrid Fleet Public Transport Company (EMT-Madrid): Strategic Analysis and Implementation

J. García Hernanz, G. Morales-Alonso, G. Fernández Sánchez, E. Pilkington González, T. Sánchez Chaparro

Abstract

Madrid Public Transport Company (EMT-Madrid) is a property of the Madrid City Council, and it provides the public buses service in the whole city. Madrid, as most of the big cities in the world, is facing problems related to high levels of urban pollution, which directly affects the health and life quality of their inhabitants. EMT, having a fleet of around 2000 buses, has an impact in the mentioned problem and in the global warming. With the Strategic Plan 2017-2020, many new buses will be acquired, resulting in a fleet of natural gas, hybrid and electric vehicles by the end of 2020. The present study has the goal of being the cornerstone of a future strategic plan of the company. To this end, both external and internal analyses of the company have been conducted, which support that the electrification of the whole fleet is the best option in the long term. Furthermore, a Benchmarking of the state of the public transport in other 25 cities and the technology used in them has been conducted. Last, a model that allows replicability of this strategic assessment is proposed, in order to help other Transport Companies and City Councils to decide which transport fleet is the best to implement in their cities depending on their necessities and resources.

Keywords

Sustainable transport; Electric Buses; Air Quality; Emissions; Benchmarking

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e-ISSN: 2340-4876     ISSN: 2340-5317   https://doi.org/10.4995/ijpme