Using system simulation to search for the optimal multi-ordering policy for perishable goods

Y.C. Huang, X.Y. Chang, Y.A. Ding


This paper explores the possibility that perishable goods can be ordered several times in a single period after considering the cost of Marginal contribution, Marginal loss, Shortage, and Purchasing under stochastic demand. In order to determine the optimal ordering quantity to improve the traditional newsvendor and maximize the total expected profits, and then sensitivity analysis is taken to realize the influence of the parameters on total expected profits and decision variables respectively. In addition, this paper designed a multi-order computerized system with Monte Carlo method to solve the optimal solution under stochastic demand. Based on numerical examples, this paper verified the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed model. Finally, several specific conclusions are drawn for practical applications and future studies.


Perishable goods; Single-period; Multi-ordering; Newsvendor model; Monte Carlo method

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