Economía del agua y gestión de recursos hídricos

Manuel Pulido-Velázquez, Enrique Cabrera Marcet, Alberto Garrido Colmenero

Resumen

En este artículo se sintetizan avances en la literatura relacionados con demandas, precios y costes del agua en distintos sectores, y el papel que los métodos y modelos económicos pueden jugar en el diseño de instrumentos y políticas eficientes para la gestión del agua en el nuevo contexto institucional definido por la DMA. Se analiza de forma específica la contribución de la Economía en la gestión del agua en la agricultura y en el uso urbano, y los distintos métodos para determinar el valor económico del agua en el medio ambiente. Tras esto se presenta el estado del arte de modelos que integran oferta y demanda a escala de cuenca acoplando hidrología, gestión y economía (modelos hidroeconómicos), y diversas aplicaciones a la resolución de problemas de gestión de recursos hídricos. Concluimos con un análisis de tendencias y retos futuros en el papel de los modelos y el análisis económico en la gestión de los recursos hídricos.


Palabras clave

Economía del agua; Modelos hidroeconómicos; Precios del agua; Costes ambientales

Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias

Arcas, N., Alcón, F., Gómez-Limón, J.A. de Miguel, M.D. 2010. Review. The evolution of research regarding the economics of irrigation water. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 8(S2), S172-S186.

Bear, J., Levin, O., Buras, N., 1964. Optimal utilization of aquifers as elements of water-resources systems. Progress Report No. 1: Basic Concepts and Program of Research, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Hydraulic Laboratory, Haifa.

Bielsa, J., Duarte, R., 2001. An economic model for water allocation in north eastern Spain. International Journal of Water Resources Development 17 (3), 397–408.

BOE (Boletín Oficial del Estado), 2003. REAL DECRETO 140/2003, de 7 de febrero, por el que se establecen los criterios sanitarios de la calidad del agua de consumo humano. BOE de 21 de Febrero de 2003, 7228 – 7245.

Booker, J.F., 1995. Hydrologic and economic impacts of drought under alternative policy responses. Water Resources Bulletin 31(5), 889-906.

Booker, J.F., Young, R.A., 1994. Modeling intrastate and interstate markets for Colorado River water resources. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 26, 66-87.

Booker, F. Howitt, R.E., Michelsen, A.M., Young, R.A., 2012. Economics and the modeling of water resources and policies. Natural Resource Modeling Journal 25 (1), 168-218.

Braden, J.B., 2000. Value of valuation: introduction. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 126 (6), 336–338.

Brouwer R., 2004. The concept of environmental and resource cost. Lessons learned from ECO2. In: Environmental and resource cost and the water framework directive. An overview of European practices (Brouwerand R, Strosser P, eds). RIZA Working Paper, Amsterdam, Holland.

Brouwer, R., 2000. Environmental value transfer: state of the art and future prospects. Ecological Economics 32 (1), 137–152.

Cabrera, E., Pardo, M.A., Cabrera Jr. E., Arregui, F.J., 2012. Tap water costs and service sustainability, a close relationship. Water Resources Management 27:239–253.

Cai, X.M., Rosegrant, M.W., Ringler, C., 2003. Physical and economic efficiency of water use in the river basin: Implications for efficient water management. Water Resources Research 39 (1), 1-12.

Champ, P.A., T.C. Brown y K.J. Boyle, 2003. Primer on Nonmarket Valuation. The Economics of Nonmarket Goods and Resource., V. 3. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 588 pp.

Characklis, G.W., Kirsch, B.R., Ramsey, J., Dillard, K.E.M., Kelley, C.T., 2006. Developing portfolios of water supply transfers. Water Resources Research 42 (5), 14.

Calatrava, J., Garrido, A. 2010. Measuring irrigation subsidies in Spain: an application of the GSI method for quantifying subsidies. Global Subsidies Initiative (GSI), International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). Geneva. http://www.globalsubsidies.org/files/assets/irrig_Spain.pdf

Coase R.H, 1960. The Problem of Social Cost. Journal of Law and Economics, 3(1960), 1-44.

Colombo, S. and Hanley, N. 2008. How can we reduce the errors from benefits transfer? An investigation using the choice experiment method. Land Economics 84 (1), 128–147.

EC (European Commission), 2014. COM(2014) 177 final. COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION on the European Citizens' Initiative "Water and sanitation are a human right! Water is a public good, not a commodity!". European Commission. Brussels, 19.3.2014

Dumont, A., Mayor, B., López-Gunn, E., 2014. Is the Rebound Effect or Jevons Paradox a Useful Concept for better Management of Water Resources? Insights from the Irrigation Modernisation Process in Spain. Aquatic Procedia 1(2013), 64-76.

Freeman, A.M. III, 2003. The measurement of environmental and resource values. Theory and methods. Resources for the Future, Washington, DC., 2nd edition, 490 pp.

Gabriel, J.L, Garrido, A., Quemada, M. 2013. Cover crops effect on farm benefits and nitrate leaching: linking economic and environmental analysis. Agricultural Systems, Volume 121, Pages 23–32.

Garrido, A., Rey, D., Calatrava, J. 2013. La flexibilización del régimen de concesiones y el mercado de aguas en los usos de regadío. En Embid Irujo, A. (Ed.) Usos del Agua Concesiones, Autorizaciones y Mercados del Agua. Thomson Reuters Aranzadi, Cizur Menor (Navarra), pp.177-196

Gómez, C. M., C. D. Pérez-Blanco, 2014. Simple Myths and Basic Maths about Greening Irrigation. Water Resources Management, publicado online, junio 2014. DOI 10.1007/s11269-014-0725-9.

Gómez-Limón, J.A. Calatrava, J., Garrido, A., Sáez, F.J,. Xabadia, A. (eds), 2009. La economía del agua de riego en España. Fundación Cajamar. Almería.

Griffin, R.C., 2006. Water Resource Economics – The Analysis of Scarcity, Policies and Projects. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

Hanley N., R. Wright and B. Alvarez-Farizo, 2006. Estimating the economic value of improvements in river ecology using choice experiments: an application to the Water Framework Directive. Journal of Environmental Management 78:183-193.

Hardy, L. Garrido, A., Juana, L. 2012.Evaluation of Spain’s Water–Energy Nexus. International Journal of Water Resources Development. 28:1, 151-170.

Harou, J. J., Pulido-Velazquez, M., Rosenberg, D. E., Medellin-Azuara, J., Lund, J. R., and Howitt, R. E., 2009. Hydro-economic models: Concepts, design, applications, and future prospects. Journal of Hydrology 375(3–4), 627–643. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.06.037

Heinz, I., Pulido-Velazquez, M., Lund, J.R., Andreu, J., 2007. Hydro-economic modeling in river basin management: implications and applications for the European water framework directive. Water Resources Management 21 (7), 1103–1125. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-006-9101-8

Iglesias, E., Blanco, M., 2008. New directions in water resources management: The role of water pricing policies. Water Resources Research 44(6), W06417. https://doi.org/10.1029/2006WR005708

Loomis, J., 1996. Measuring the economic benefits of removing dams and restoring the Elwha river: results of a contingent valuation survey. Water Resources Research 32(2), 441-447. https://doi.org/10.1029/95WR03243

Olmstead, S.M, 2010. The economics of water quality. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 4(1): 44–62. https://doi.org/10.1093/reep/rep016

Martínez, Y., Albiac, J., 2004. Agricultural pollution control under Spanish and European environmental policies. Water Resources Research 40(10), W1051. https://doi.org/10.1029/2004WR003102

Peña-Haro, S., Llopis-Albert, C., Pulido-Velazquez, M., Pulido-Velazquez, D., 2010. Fertilizer standards for controlling groundwater nitrate pollution from agriculture: El Salobral-Los Llanos case study, Spain. Journal of Hydrology 392, 174–187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.08.006

Pulido-Velazquez, M., M. W. Jenkins, and J. R. Lund, 2004. Economic values for conjunctive use and water banking in southern California. Water Resources Research 40(3), W03401. https://doi.org/10.1029/2003WR002626

Pulido-Velázquez, M., Sahuquillo, A., and J. Andreu, 2006. Economic optimization of conjunctive use of surface and groundwater at the basin scale. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 132(6), 454-467. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9496(2006)132:6(454)

Pulido-Velazquez, M., Andreu, J., Sahuquillo, A., and Pulido-Velazquez, D., 2008. Hydro-economic river basin modelling: The application of a holistic surface-groundwater model to assess opportunity costs of water use in Spain. Ecological Economics 66(1), 51–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.12.016

Pulido-Velazquez, M., Alvarez-Mendiola, E., Andreu, J., 2013. Design of Efficient Water Pricing Policies Integrating Basinwide Resource Opportunity Costs. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 139(5): 583-592. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000262

Pulido-Velazquez M., Lopez-Nicolas A., Macian-Sorribes H., Peña-Haro S., Escriva-Bou A., 2014. Potencial de los modelos hidroeconómicos en la en la gestión de sistemas de recursos hídricos. En: Aplicaciones de Sistemas Soporte a la Decisión en Planificación y Gestión Integradas de Cuencas Hidrográficas (Solera et al., ed.), 247-257. Ed. Marcombo, Barcelona.

Rey D., Garrido A.,Calatrava J., 2014. The Water Markets in Spain: moving towards 21st century mechanisms and approaches with 20th century regulations. In: Water Markets for the 21st. Century: What Have We Learned? Easter W. and Huang Q. (eds.). Springer. En prensa.

Rogers P., Bhatia R., Huber A., 1998. Water as a social and economic good: how to put the principles into practice.Global Water Partnership, TAC Background Paper n.2. Stockholm, Sweden

Rogers, P., Silva, R.D., Bhatia, R., 2002. Water is an economic good. How to use prices to promote equity, efficiency, and sustainability. Water Policy 4, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1366-7017(02)00004-1

Samuelson, P.A., 1952. Spatial price equilibrium and linear programming. American Economics Review 42(2), 283-303.

Sumpsi Viñas J.M., Garrido, A., Blanco Fonseca, M., Varela Ortega, C., Iglesias Martínez, E., 1998. Economía y Política de gestión del agua en la agricultura. Mundi-Prensa, MAPA, Madrid, 351 pp.

Tanaka, S.K., T. Zhu, J. R. Lund, R. E. Howitt, M. W. Jenkins, M. Pulido-Velázquez, M. Tauber, R. S. Ritzema and I. C. Ferreira, 2006. Climate Warming and Water Management Adaptation for California. Climatic Change 76 (3-4), 361-384. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-006-9079-5

Turner, R.K., J. Paavola et al., 2003. Valuing nature: lessons learned and future research directions. Ecological Economics 46 (3), 493–510. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(03)00189-7

Vaux, H.J., Howitt, R.E.¸ 1984. Managing water scarcity: an evaluation of interregional transfers. Water Resources Research 20(7), 785-592. https://doi.org/10.1029/WR020i007p00785

Ward, F.A., M. Pulido-Velázquez, 2008a. Efficiency, equity, and sustainability in a water quantity-quality optimization model in the Rio Grande basin. Ecological Economics 66(1), 23-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.08.018

Ward, F.A., Pulido-Velazquez, M.¸ 2008b. Water conservation in Irrigation can increase water use. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA (PNAS), 105(47), 18215-18220. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0805554105

WATECO, 2002. Economics and the environment. The implementation challenge of the Water Framework Directive. A guidance document. Working group for WFD economic studies.

Young, R.A., 2005. Determining the economic value of water: concepts and methods. Resources for the Future, Washington, DC, USA.

Zhao, J., Cai, X., Wang, Z., 2013. Comparing administered and market-based water allocation systems through a consistent agent-based modeling framework. Journal of Environmental Management 123 (2013) 120-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.03.005

Zhu, T.J.¸ Lund, J.R., Jenkins, M.W.¸ Marques, G.F., Ritzema, R.S., 2007. Climate Change, Urbanization, and Optimal Long-Term Floodplain Protection, Water Resources Research 43(W06421). https://doi.org/10.1029/2004WR003516

Abstract Views

7832
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


 

Citado por (artículos incluidos en Crossref)

This journal is a Crossref Cited-by Linking member. This list shows the references that citing the article automatically, if there are. For more information about the system please visit Crossref site

1. Defining complementary tools to the IVI. The Infrastructure Degradation Index (IDI) and the Infrastructure Histogram (HI)
E. Cabrera Rochera, E. Estruch-Juan, E. Gómez, R. del Teso
Urban Water Journal  vol: 16  num.: 5  primera página: 343  año: 2019  
doi: 10.1080/1573062X.2019.1669195



Esta revista se publica bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.

Universitat Politècnica de València

Fundación para el Fomento de la Ingeniería del Agua

e-ISSN: 1886-4996     ISSN: 1134-2196

  

https://doi.org/10.4995/ia