Hidrología de zonas áridas y semiáridas

José D. Salas

Resumen

La hidrología de cuencas de zonas áridas y semiáridas es de suma importancia para el desarrollo y manejo de los recursos hidráulicos. En este artículo se describen características climáticas, hidrológicas, y geomorfológicas propias de dichas zonas; modelos matemáticos de las componentes principales del ciclo hidrológico tales como la precipitación, infiltración y escorrentía; modelos matemáticos de cuencas, y el efecto de cambios climáticos en el análisis y síntesis de datos hidrológicos en zonas áridas y semiáridas. Este artículo es una version modificada de la conferencia magistral dada por el autor con motivo de la II Conferencia Internacional sobre “Hidrología Mediterránea” realizada en Valencia, España, Nov. 27-28, 1996.

Palabras clave

Hidrología; Zonas áridas; Ciclo hidrológico; Precipitación; Modelos matemáticos

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