Análisis de los modelos 3D para la simulación de flujo en aguas de transición

Sonia Castanedo, Raúl Medina

Resumen

Actualmente, las aguas de transición, definidas por la Directiva Marco del Agua 2000/60/CE como masas de agua superficial próximas a la desembocadura de los ríos que son parcialmente salinas como consecuencia de su proximidad a las aguas costeras, pero que reciben una notable influencia de flujos de agua dulce, están siendo objeto de numerosos estudios dirigidos a su rehabilitación y conservación. Consideradas hoy en día como valiosos hábitats, es necesario contar con las herramientas adecuadas para llevar a cabo su gestión correctamente. Una de las partes más importantes del estudio de estas áreas consiste en conocer su hidrodinámica, para lo cual cada vez está más extendido el uso de modelos numéricos. En este artículo se analiza las situaciones que pueden inducir flujo tridimensional en las aguas de transición y se hace una revisión de los modelos tridimensionales existentes actualmente para el estudio hidrodinámico de las mismas. Como resumen de esta revisión se elabora una tabla en la que se comparan los modelos atendiendo a su idoneidad para representar las características de estas masas de aguas.

Palabras clave

Modelo tridimensional; modelo numérico; Aguas de transición; Estuario; Bajos mareales

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Referencias

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