Aplicación de un modelo de simulación a la evaluación de una zona regable

I. Lorite, L. Mateos, Elías Fereres Castiel

Resumen

La mejora en la gestión del riego en las zonas regables españolas es cada día más necesaria. Para contribuir a esta tarea, se ha elaborado un modelo de simulación que permite el análisis y la evaluación del manejo del agua en la zona regable del Genil – Cabra, en la provincia de Córdoba. Con este modelo y un indicador de funcionamiento se ha logrado hacer una primera evaluación de la zona, tanto por cultivos como espacialmente. El contraste entre el agua aplicada en el riego y la dotación económicamente óptima calculada por el modelo indicó que en el año 1996/97, la zona se regó deficitariamente, aplicándose algo menos de la mitad (45%) de los requerimientos óptimos calculados. El análisis espacial ha posibilitado determinar zonas en donde el aporte de agua por parte del agricultor está más próximo a las necesidades óptimas de los cultivos.

Palabras clave

Modelo; Gestión; Indicador de funcionamiento; Zonas regables

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Referencias

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Irrigation and Drainage  vol: 65  num.: 1  primera página: 61  año: 2016  
doi: 10.1002/ird.1941



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