Dinámica distributiva de flujos bifásicos con carga de madera en un abanico aluvial experimental

N. Santibañez, B. Mazzorana, P. Iribarren, L. Mao, I. Rojas

Resumen

Los abanicos aluviales se ven afectados episódicamente por la dinámica distributiva generada por procesos de flujo bifásico extremos. El sedimento inorgánico no es el único componente de la fracción sólida de los flujos bifásicos; también hay que considerar la carga de madera de gran tamaño. Siguiendo un enfoque experimental, el objetivo fue evaluar, en un modelo físico, la aleatoriedad de la morfodinámica y de la exposición asociadas a un conjunto de condiciones de carga específicas. Se exploró, además, cómo cambian estos patrones si se agrega madera de gran tamaño a la mezcla bifásica en una proporción fija de la fracción sólida. Variando sistemáticamente las condiciones de carga, se ejecutaron dos conjuntos de experimentos, uno con y otro sin una proporción fija de la fracción sólida constituida por madera de gran tamaño. Los resultados obtenidos confirman que los patrones de exposición asociados a una misma carga de sedimentos exhiben una notable aleatoriedad, que la potencia de la corriente aplicada ejerce un efecto decisivo en esos patrones y que la porción fija de madera de gran tamaño interfiere fuertemente con la dinámica distributiva de flujos bifásicos en abanicos aluviales.


Palabras clave

abanico aluvial; modelo experimental; flujos bifásicos; dinámica distributiva; madera de gran tamaño (LW)

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