Análisis regional de frecuencias de las precipitaciones diarias extremas en Navarra. Elaboración de los mapas de cuantiles

J.J. López, M. Goñi, I. San Martín, J. Erro

Resumen

La determinación de la ley de frecuencias de precipitaciones resulta imprescindible para el diseño de diferentes infraestructuras hidráulicas así como para el análisis y determinación de zonas inundables. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar los cuantiles de las precipitaciones diarias extremas en el territorio de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra, obtenidos mediante un análisis regional de frecuencia (ARF), y su representación espacial. Se ha partido de las 142 estaciones pluviométricas manuales, localizadas en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra y en el entorno de la misma, con duración de registro superior a 20 años. El Análisis Regional de Frecuencias (ARF) se ha realizado según la metodología de Hosking y Wallis, obteniendo seis regiones homogéneas y sus funciones de distribución más adecuadas. Para la elaboración de los mapas se han aplicado dos métodos de interpolación: el de la distancia inversa ponderada; y el geoestadístico Kriging ordinario. Después del análisis comparativo se ha elegido el Kriging.

Palabras clave

Precipitaciones máximas en Navarra; Análisis regional de frecuencias de precipitación; Representación espacial de precipitaciones; Interpolación distancia inversa ponderada; Kriging

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