Economía Agraria y Recursos Naturales - Agricultural and Resource Economics <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Agricultural and Resource Economics</strong> is the journal of the <a title="Spanish Association of Agricultural Economics" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Spanish Association of Agricultural Economics</a>. It is published on a semiannual basis since 2001. This publication aims to provide a forum for dissemination and discussion of scientific, technological and technical developments in agricultural and natural resource economics.</p> Universitat Politècnica de València en-US Economía Agraria y Recursos Naturales - Agricultural and Resource Economics 1578-0732 <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></p> <p>This journal is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License</a></p> Towards a framework and multilevel governance of the post 2023 Common Agricultural Policy: an institutionalist analysis <p>This paper examines the main inter-institutional factors that framed the post 2023 CAP reform process and will condition its future implementation: 1) the new CAP delivery model adopted; 2) the Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027; 3) the European Green Deal and its agri-food and agri-environmental legislative appendices; and 4) the long-term vision for EU’s rural areas tabled by the European Commission. The analysis concludes that this reform outlines a new framework and multilevel CAP 3.0 governance, which will be developed in the forthcoming reforms.</p> Albert Massot Marti Copyright (c) 2022 Albert Massot Marti 2022-12-22 2022-12-22 22 2 5 29 10.7201/earn.2022.02.01 The role of infrastructures in rural depopulation. An econometric analysis <p>The aim of this article is to contribute to the analysis of the causes of rural depopulation and, particularly, the role of infrastructures. We build a panel data set with the 78 municipalities of a region in Northern Spain, Asturias. We estimate an econometric model where rural population is explained by a set of economic and infrastructure variables as well as some characteristics of the municipalities. The main results show the importance of infrastructures to maintain rural population. The presence of a medium–size town in the municipality helps to fix the population in the countryside. However, the income gap with urban municipalities contributes to reduce rural population.</p> Verónica Cañal-Fernández Antonio Álvarez Copyright (c) 2022 Verónica Cañal Fernández, Antonio Álvarez Pinilla 2022-12-22 2022-12-22 22 2 31 52 10.7201/earn.2022.02.02 Implementation of multifunctional margins in rainfed arable crops. Analysis of the willingness to accept of Andalusian farmers <p>The “multifunctional margins” are strips of the field with spontaneous or cultivated vegetation, which enhances biodiversity. This practice is included in an agri-environmental measure in Andalusia for rainfed herbaceous crops, and it is compatible with future eco-schemes. To assess farmers’ willingness to implement this practice, a double-bonded dichotomous-choice contingent valuation model is used, carried out from a telephonic survey. The obtained farmers’ willingness to accept is higher than the amount expected in the current measure, which has implications for policy design.</p> Rubén Granado-Díaz Copyright (c) 2022 Rubén Granado-Dí­az 2022-12-22 2022-12-22 22 2 53 72 10.7201/earn.2022.02.03 Transnational Governance Frameworks for Sustainable Innovation: The Case Of The Blue Bioeconomy In The Mediterranean <p>Recent developments in innovation policy have challenged the initial assumptions of Smart Specialisation Strategies (S3), initially aimed at promoting innovation for regional growth. In response to the United Nations Agenda 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the new S3 seeks to address social and sustainable development challenges. The present study sets out to propose an extension of one of these reformed S3 approaches to a multilevel governance setting. The study will propose a governance model suitable to support innovation in the blue bioeconomy –those economic activities related to the living resources at sea–, in the Mediterranean.</p> David Fernández-Guerrero Riccardo Palazzolo-Henkes Martin Federico Alba Saray Ramírez-Rodríguez Lourdes Reig-Puig Copyright (c) 2022 David Fernández Guerrero, Riccardo Palazzolo Henkes, Martin Federico Alba, Saray Ramírez Rodríguez y Lourdes Reig Puig 2022-12-22 2022-12-22 22 2 73 96 10.7201/earn.2022.02.04 Social network of knowledge transfer in the digital transformation of the olive sector in Andalusia: Perspective of knowledge generation agents <p>The configuration of the social network of knowledge transfer in digital transformation (DT) in the Andalusian olive sector is analysed using Social Network Analysis techniques. The results indicate that universities and technology companies are the main knowledge emitting agents, while olive growers and cooperatives are the main receiving agents. The social network of DT has a high potential for the creation of social capital, however, most of the interactions established between actors are of very low intensity, which could lead to some actors being isolated from knowledge in DT.</p> Liliana Reina-Usuga Carlos Parra-López Carmen Carmona-Torres Samir Sayadi Copyright (c) 2022 Liliana Reina-Usuga, Carlos Parra-López, Carmen Carmona-Torres, Samir Sayadi 2022-12-22 2022-12-22 22 2 97 115 10.7201/earn.2022.02.05 Constructing a sustainability index for dairy cattle farms in Cantabria (Spain) <p>This work is a methodological proposal for the construction of synthetic sustainability index for dairy cattle farms in Cantabria. By means of principal component factor analysis, we obtain 12 indicators, 4 for each dimension (economic, environmental and social) that allow to create three synthetic indexes and a global index. Dimensions that reach the highest scores are environmental and social. Furthermore, we observe a direct relationship between global sustainability and the productive size, which, however, we did not detect for the environmental dimension but we do have in the social and economic.</p> Ibán Vázquez -González Elena García-Suárez Francisca Ruiz-Escudero Gabriel Caymmi Vilela-Ferreira Ana Isabel García-Arias Copyright (c) 2022 Ibán Vázquez-González, Elena García-Suárez, Francisca Ruiz-Escudero, Gabriel Caymmi Vilela-Ferreira, Ana Isabel García-Ariasa 2022-12-22 2022-12-22 22 2 117 149 10.7201/earn.2022.02.06 Prólogo Margarita Brugarolas Eva Iglesias Copyright (c) 2022 Margarita Brugarolas, Eva Iglesias 2022-12-23 2022-12-23 22 2