Impact of trade and international transport on environmental quality, a study in Latin American and Caribbean countries

Christian Martín García


This paper explores the effect of trade liberalization and international transport on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in 18 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean for the period 1995-2013. The results indicate that an increase in the levels of trade openness has a greater effect for high-income countries (0.17 %) than for the others (0.067 %). While it is observed that an increase of 1 % in the tons transported per kilometer increases CO2 emissions by 0.022 % (high-income countries) and by 0.014 % (middle-high income countries).


Carbon dioxide emissions in international transport; environmental degradation; trade openess in Latin America

Subject classification

F18, Q53.

Full Text:



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