Impact of trade and international transport on environmental quality, a study in Latin American and Caribbean countries


  • Christian Martín García Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina



Carbon dioxide emissions in international transport, environmental degradation, trade openess in Latin America


This paper explores the effect of trade liberalization and international transport on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in 18 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean for the period 1995-2013. The results indicate that an increase in the levels of trade openness has a greater effect for high-income countries (0.17 %) than for the others (0.067 %). While it is observed that an increase of 1 % in the tons transported per kilometer increases CO2 emissions by 0.022 % (high-income countries) and by 0.014 % (middle-high income countries).


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Author Biography

Christian Martín García, Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina

Dpto. de Investigación Francisco Valsecchi, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas.


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