Values of gender equality and specialization: Differences between EU regions

Eduardo Quispe Salazar, Carlos San Juan Mesonada


We empirically contrast the Boserup hypothesis for the regions of the European Union. We relate the dominant productive orientation in each region (plough, hoe, animal) with indicators of gender equality: female participation in management positions, in primary education, in higher education, in the labor market and the average hourly wage. Using a Probit model we find that, consistently with the hypothesis, there is a negative relationship between indicators and plough agriculture. Additionally, we prove that livestock-oriented regions also generate less egalitarian gender values than hoe-oriented regions.


Equality; gender; values

Subject classification

D03; J16; J70; N30

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