Analysis of environmental impact arising from economic activities. Application in a regional economy

Mónica Flores, Alfredo J. Mainar


The goal of this paper is to analyse the households’ environmental impact in a regional economy, including the household direct impact as well as the impact associated with the production of goods and services of the household demand. Moreover, per capita ecological impacts for each household category according to income level are obtained. We focus on water consumption, and water and atmospheric pollution. The framework is based on a regional SAMEA (Social Accounting Matrix and Environmental Accounts), and vertically integrated environmental indicators using the Leontief model. An application is carried out for the Aragon case.


Aragonese economy; Atmospheric emissions; Environmental impacts; Water resource; SAMEA

Subject classification

C67, D57, Q51, Q53, R15, R30.

Full Text:



Alarcon, J., Heems, J.V. y Jong, N.D. (2000). “Extending the SAM with Social and Environmental Indicators: an Application to Bolivia”. Economic Systems Research, 12 (4):473-496.

Argüelles, M. y Benavides, C. (2002). “Una matriz de contabilidad social para Asturias”. Investigaciones Regionales, 2:165-171.

Ayres, R. y Kneese, A.V. (1969). “Production, Consumption and Externalities”. American Economic Review, LLX (7):282-297.

Azqueta, D., Alviar, M. y Domínguez, L. y O’Ryan, R. (2007). Introducción a la economía ambiental .2.a Edición, McGraw Hill, Madrid.

Bicknell, K.B., Ball, R.J., Cullen, R. and Bigsby, H.R. (1998). “New methodology for the ecological footprint with an application to the New Zealand economy”. Ecological Economics, 27(2):149-160.

Cardenete, M.A. y Sancho, F. (2003). “Evaluación de multiplicadores contables en el marco de una matriz de contabilidad social regional”. Investigaciones Regionales, 2:121-139.

Cardenete, M., Fuentes, P. y Polo, C. (2008). “Análisis de intensidades energéticas y emisiones de CO2. Matriz de Contabilidad Social de Andalucía para el año 2000”. Revista de Estudios Agrarios y Recursos Naturales, 8(2):31-48.

De Haan, M., Keuning, S.J. y Bosch, P. (1994). “Integrating indicators in a National Accounting Matrix including Environmental accounts (NAMEA); an application to the Netherlands”. National accounts Occasional Papers, NA-060, (Voorburg, Statistics Netherlands).

De Miguel, F.J., Manresa, A. y Ramajo, J. (1998). “Matriz de contabilidad social y multiplicadores contables: una aplicación para Extremadura”. Estadística Española, 40 (143):195-232.

Duarte, R., Mainar, A, y Sánchez Chóliz, J. (forthcoming). “The impact of household consumption patterns on emissions in Spain”. Energy Economics.

Ferng, J.J. (2001). Using composition of land multiplier to estimate ecological footprints associated with production activity. Ecological Economic, 37 (2):159-172.

Ferng, J.J. (2002). “Toward a scenario analysis framework for energy footprints”. Ecological Economic, 40 (1):53-69.

Flores, M. (2008). Modelos Multisectoriales con enfoque medioambiental: una aplicación a la economía aragonesa. Tesis Doctoral en Economía, Universidad de Zaragoza.

Flores, M. y Mainar, A. (2009). “Matriz de Contabilidad Social y Multiplicadores Contables para la Economía Aragonesa”. Revista Estadística Española, 172 (51).431-479.

Hong, L., Dong, Z.P., Chunyu, H. y Gang, W. (2007). “Evaluating the effects of embodied energy in international trade on ecological footprint in China”. Ecological Economics, 62(1):136-148.

INE (2001). Revisión del Padrón Municipal a 1 de Enero de 2000. Explotación Estadística. Resultados Nacionales. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid.

INE (2002). Encuesta Continua de Presupuestos Familiares 1999. (CD-Rom INEbase, 2002). Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid.

Keuning, S.J. (1994). “The SAM and Beyond: Open, SESAME”. Economic Systems Research, 6 (1):21-50.

Leontief, W. (1970). “Environmental repercusions and the economic structure: an input-output approach”. Review of Economics and Statistics, 52 (3):262-271.

Llop, M. y Manresa, A. (1999). “Análisis de la economía de Cataluña (1994) a través de una Matriz de Contabilidad Social”. Estadística Española, 41 (144):241-268.

Loh, J. (2000). Living Planet Report 2000.WWF-World Fund For Nature. Gland, Switzerland. Manresa A. y Sancho, F. (2004). “Energy intensive and CO2 emissions in Catalonia: a SAM analysis”. International Journal of Environment, Workforce and Employment, 1:91-106.

Matete, M. y Hassan, R. (2006). “Integrated ecological economics accounting approach to evaluation of inter-basin water transfers: An application to the Lesotho Highlands Water Project”. Ecological Economics, 60 (1):246-259.

McDonald, G.W. y Patterson, M.G. (2004). “Ecological Footprints and interdependencies of New Zealand regions”. Ecological Economics, 50 (1-2):49-67.

Peters, G. y Hertwich, E. (2006). “Structural analysis of international trade: Environmental impacts of Norway”. Economic Systems Research, 18 (2):155-181.

Rodríguez, C., Llanes, G. y Cardenete, M.A. (2007). “Economic and environmental efficiency using a social accounting matrix”. Ecological Economics, 60 (4):774-786.

Sánchez-Chóliz, J., Duarte, R. y Mainar, A. (2007). “Environmental impact of household activity in Spain”. Ecological Economics, 62 (2):308-318.

Santamarta, J. (2005). “Las emisiones de gases de invernadero por Comunidades Autónomas en España”. World Watch, 23:32-41.

Victor, P.A. (1972). Pollution: Economy and Environment. Allen and Unwin. London. Wakernagel, M. y Rees, W.E. (1996). Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Islan.

Wiedmann, T., Minx, J., Barrett, J. y Wackernagel, M. (2006). “Allocating ecological footprints to final consumption categories with input-output analysis”. Ecological Economics, 56 (1):28-48.

Wissema, W. y Dellink, R. (2007). “AGE analysis of the impact of a carbon energy tax on the Irish economy”. Ecological Economics, 61 (4):671-683.

Abstract Views

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

 Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2174-7350   ISSN: 1578-0732