The food neophobia scale: The case of ethnic food

Dena Mª Camarena, Ana I. Sanjuán


The paper examines consumers’ attitudes towards new food by means of the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS). Among the new food trends, ethnic food, that is, food specific to a country or culture, is becoming more present in Spain boosted by immigration. The FNS allows the identification of consumers’ profiles with more and less propensity to consume new foodstuffs, and we evaluate these profiles in relation to consumption and purchase habits of ethnic food. The results constitute a first step onto the insight of the potential of the ethnic food market in Spain.


Ethnic food; Food neophobia scale (FNS); Consumption and purchase habits

Subject classification

Q13, M31.

Full Text:



Alley, T., Willet, K. y Muth, E. (2006). «Motion sickness history, food neophobia, and sensation seeking». Perceptual and Motor Skills, 102(3):683-690.

Arvola, A., Lähteenmäki, L. y Tuorila, H. (1999). «Predicting the intent to purchase unfamiliar and familiar cheeses: The effects of attitudes, expected living and food neophobia». Appetite, 32:113-126.

Batres, P., Jensen, H. y Brester, G. (2003). «Salvadoran consumption of ethnic foods in the United States». Journal of Food Distribution Research, 34 (2):1-15.

Cardello, A., Maller, O., Masor, H., Dubose, C. y Edelman, B. (1985). «Role of consumer expectancies in the acceptance of novel foods». Journal of Food Science, 50:1701-1718.

Cooke, L., Carnell, S. y Wardle, J. (2006). «Food neophobia and mealtime food consumption in 4-5 year old children». International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 3:1-6.

Datamonitor (2005). Insights into Tomorrow’s Ethnic Food & Drink Consumers: Targeting the Consumption Behaviour of Minority Groups and Mainstream Consumers. Reference code: DMCM2363.

Dwyner, J. y Bermúdez, O. (2003). «Ethnic foods». En Caballero, B., Trugo, L. y Finglas, P. (Eds.): Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition. Elsevier, pp. 2190-2195.

Flight, I., Leppard, P. y Cox, D. (2003). «Food neophobia and associations with cultural diversity and socio-economic status amongst rural and urban Australian adolescents». Appetite, 41:51-59.

Hair, A., Anderson, R., Tatham, R. y Black, W. (1999). Análisis Multivariante. Prentice Hall Iberia, Madrid.

Hobden, K. y Pliner, P. (1995). «Effects of a model on food neophobia in humans». Appetite, 25:101-114.

Hursti, K. y Sjöden, P. (1997). «Food and general neophobia and their relationship with selfreported food choice: familial resemblance in Swedish families with children of ages 7-17 years». Appetite, 29(1):89-103.

IAEST (2007). Demografía. Explotación del Padrón Municipal de Habitantes. Instituto Aragonés de Estadística,

INE (2004). Cifras INE, extranjeros en España. Instituto Nacional de Estadística.

INE (2007). Avance del Padrón a 1 de Enero de 2007. Datos provisionales. Instituto Nacional de Estadística,

Lähteenmaki, L. y Arvola, A. (2001). «Food neophobia and variety seeking- consumer fear or demand for new food products». En Frewer, L., Risvik, E. y Schifferstein, H. (Eds.). Food, People and Society, a European Perspective of Consumers Food Choice». Springer: 161-173.

Meiselman, H., Mastroianni, G., Buller, M. y Edwards, J. (1999). «Longitudinal measurement of three eating behavior scales during a period of change». Food Quality and Preference, 10:1-8.

Pliner, P. y Hobden, K. (1992). «Development of a scale to measure the trait of food Neophobia in humans». Appetite, 19:105-120.

Pliner, P., Pelchat, M. y Grabski, M. (1993). «Reduction of neophobia in humans by exposure to novel foods». Appetite, 20:111-123.

Raudenbush, B. y Frank, R. (1999). «Assessing food neophobia: The role of stimulus familiarity ». Appetite, 32:261-271.

Ritchey, P., Frank, R., Hursti, U. y Tuorila, H. (2003). «Validation and cross-national comparison of the food neophobia scale (FNS) using confirmatory factor analysis». Appetite, 40:163-173.

Rozín, P., Hammer, L., Ester, H., Horowitz, T. y Marmora, V. (1986). «The child’s conception of food: Differentation of categories of rejected substances in the 16 months to 5 year age range». Appetite, 7:141-151.

Tuorila, H., Lähteenmäki, L., Pohjalainen, L. y Lotti, L. (2001). «Food neophobia among the Finns and related responses to familiar and unfamiliar foods». Food Quality and Preference, 12:29-37.

Verbeke, W. y Poquiviqui, G. (2005). «Ethnic food attitudes and behaviour among Belgians and Hispanics living in Belgium». British Food Journal, 107(11):823-840.

Abstract Views

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

 Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2174-7350   ISSN: 1578-0732