Spanish food demand analysis taking into account the impact of diet on health

Ana María Ángulo, Nadhem Mtimet, José María Gil-Roig


This work analyses the Spanish demand for food taking into account the relationship between health and diet. Consequently, a utility function which depends on both food quantities and the level of health reached by consumers is maximized subject to two types of restrictions: a traditional budget constraint and a restriction associated with health production. The solution of the maximisation problem leads to a joint estimation of an equation system with two components, an equation referred to the diet quality and a food demand system. Results indicate that the introduction of the quality of diet in a demand system (in relation to the traditional model which only considers income and prices) modifies income elasticities, becoming greater in the case of healthier food groups. Moreover, an increase in diet quality implies an increase in the valuation of cereals and potatoes and a decrease of oil and meat groups.


Food demand; Health; Diet quality; Spain

Subject classification

D12, D13, Q11.

Full Text:



Andujar, M.M., Moreiras-Varela, O. y Gil, F. (1983). Tablas de Composición de Alimentos. Trabajo publicado por el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), Madrid.

Angulo, A.M., Gil, J.M. y Gracia, A. (1997). ≪A test of differences in food demand among European consumers: a dynamic approach≫. En Wierenga, B., Van Tilburg, A., Grunert, K., Steenkamp, J.E. y Wedel, M. (Eds.): Agricultural Marketing and Consumer Behavior in a Changing World. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands: 275-294.

Angulo, A.M. (1999). ≪Un nuevo enfoque sobre el analisis del consumo de alimentos en Espana: incidencia de los gastos nulos e impacto de la creciente preocupacion por la salud≫. Tesis Doctoral de la Universidad de Zaragoza.

Angulo, A.M., Gil, J.M. y Gracia, A. (2001). ≪Calorie intake and income elasticities in EU countries: a convergence analysis using cointegration≫. Papers in Regional Science, 80:165-187.

Angulo, A.M. y Gil, J.M. (2006). ≪Incorporating nutrients into meat demand analysis using household budget data≫. Agricultural Economics, 35:131-144.

Aznar, A. (1989). Econometric Model Selection: A New Approach. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

Barten, A.P. (1966). ≪Theorie en empirie van een volledig stelsel van vraagvergelijkingen≫. Tesis doctoral. University of Rotterdam.

Barten, A.P. (1989). ≪Towards a levels version of the Rotterdam and related demand systems≫. En Cornet, B. y Tulkens, H. (Eds.): Contributions to Operations Research and Economics: the Twentieth Anniversary of CORE. Mass: MIT Press, Cambridge: 441-465.

Ben Kaabia, M., Angulo, A.M. y Gil, J.M. (2001). ≪Health information and the demand for meat in Spain≫. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 28(4):499-517.

Ben Kaabia, M., Gil, J.M. y Angulo, A.M. (2002). ≪Impacto del nivel de educacion y de la preocupacion por la salud sobre la demanda de carnes en Espana≫. Estudios de Economía Aplicada, 20(2):347-364.

Bewley, R.A. (1986). Allocation Models: Specification, Estimation and Application. Ballinger, Cambridge.

Bewley, R.A. y Young, T. (1987). ≪Applying Theil’s multinomial extension of the linear logit model to meat expenditure data≫. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 69:151-157.

Breusch, T.S. y Pagan, A.R. (1979). ≪A simple test for heteroscedasticity and random coefficient variation≫. Econometrica, 47:1287-1294.

Breusch, T.S. y Pagan, A.R. (1980). ≪The Lagrange multiplier test and its applications to model specification in econometrics≫. Review of Economics Studies, 47:239-253.

Brown, D. y Schrader, L.F. (1990). ≪Cholesterol information and shell eggs consumption≫. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 72:548-555.

Chung, C.F. y Lopez, E. (1988). ≪A regional analysis of food consumption in Spain≫. Economics Letters, 26(3):209-13.

Chung, C.F. (1994). ≪A cross-section demand analysis of Spanish provincial food consumption ≫. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 76:513-521.

Deaton, A. y Muellbauer, J. (1980). ≪An almost ideal demand system≫. The American Economic Review, 70:312-326.

Dhehibi, B. (2002). ≪Calidad Nutricional y demanda de alimentos en Espana. Un enfoque con datos de panel≫. Tesis Doctoral de la Universidad de Zaragoza.

Dhehibi, B., Gil, J.M. y Angulo, A.M. (2007). ≪Nutrient effects in consumer demand systems: evidence from panel data≫. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica C - Food Economics, 4(2):89-102.

Food Agriculture Organisation (FAO) (varios anos). Rome.

Gil, J.M., Gracia, A. y Perez y Perez, L. (1995). ≪Food consumption and economic development in the European Union≫. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 22(3):385-399.

Gracia, A. y Albisu, L.M. (1998). ≪The demand for meat and fish in Spain: urban and rural areas≫. Agricultural Economics, 19(3):359-366.

Gracia, A. y Albisu, L.M. (2001). ≪Food consumption in the European Union: Main determinants and country differences≫. Agribusiness, 17(4):469-488.

Gracia, A., Gil, J.M. y Angulo, A.M. (1998). ≪Spanish food demand: A dynamic approach≫. Applied Economics, 30:1399-1405.

Hausman, J.A. (1978). ≪Specification tests in econometrics≫. Econometrica, 46:1251-1271.

Instituto Nacional de Estadistica (Varios anos). Encuesta Continua de Presupuestos Familiares. Madrid.

Keller, W.J. y Van Driel, J. (1985). ≪Differential consumer demand systems≫. European Economic Review, 27:375-390.

Laajimi, A. y Albisu, L.M. (1995). ≪La demanda de productos alimenticios en Espana: una aplicacion del modelo AIDS con efectos sociodemograficos≫. Actas de la IX Reunión ASEPELT ESPAÑA. Ministerio de Agricultura: 99-110.

Laajimi, A. y Albisu, L.M. (1997). ≪La demande de viandes et de poissons en Espagne: Une analyse micro-economique≫. Cahiers d’Economie et Sociologie Rurales, 0(42-43):71-91.

Lopez, E. (1986). ≪La estructura del consumo en Espana en 1981. Una aplicacion del modelo lineal de gasto≫. Cuadernos de Economía, 39:86-106.

Lorenzo, M.J. (1988). ≪Sistemas completos de demanda para la economia espanola≫. Investigaciones Económicas, XII:83-130.

Manrique, J. y Jensen, H.H. (1997). ≪Spanish household demand for convenience meat products≫. Agribusiness, 13(6):579-586.<579::AID-AGR3>3.0.CO;2-0

Manrique, J. y Jensen, H.H. (1998). ≪Working women and expenditures on food away-fromhome and at-home in Spain≫. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 49(3):321-333.

Mataix, F.J. (2002). Nutrición y Alimentación Humana. Ergon, D.L., Majadahonda (Madrid).

Molina, J.A. (1994). ≪Food demand in Spain: An application of the almost ideal system≫. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 45(2):252-258.

Molto, M.L., Reig, E. y Uriel, E. (1990). ≪La demanda de productos alimenticios en la comunidad valenciana: un analisis de corte transversal≫. Investigaciones Económicas 2a Epoca, XIV:149-164.

Nayga, R.M. (2000). ≪Schooling, health knowledge and obesity≫. Applied Economics, 32:815-822.

Pollack, R.A. y Wales, T.J. (1981). ≪Demographic variables in demand analysis≫. Econometrica, 49:1533-1558.

Variyam, J., Blaylock, J., Smallwood, D. y Basiotis, P. (1998). ≪USDA’s healthy eating index and nutrition information≫. Technical Bulletin Number 1866, United States Department of Agricultural (USDA).

Theil, H. (1965). ≪The information approach to demand analysis≫. Econometrica, 33:67-87.

Theil, H. (1969). ≪A multinomial extension of the linear logit model≫. International Economic Review, 10(3):251-259.

Abstract Views

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

 Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2174-7350   ISSN: 1578-0732