Main factors explaining the participation of beef cattle farms from Navarra (Spain) in instruments aimed to products differentiation

Almudena Gómez Ramos, Ignacio Atance Muñiz, Belén Iráizoz Apezteguía

Abstract

Beef cattle sector is readapting to increasing requirements from the demand, which looks for a differentiated product, with constant quality, in a market beginning to be dominated by great distribution companies. Mechanisms to differentiate production are been implemented in this context, co-ordinating both production and marketing processes and integrating livestock farmers into the commercial system. This paper study the relation between these mechanisms and the characteristics of the livestock systems, addressing the causes explaining the voluntary integration of farmers in them. The research area selected was the Comunidad Foral de Navarra due to the existence since more than ten years ago of the Protected Geographic Indication (PGI) «Ternera de Navarra», created to support and promote beef meat from Navarra. In addition to the PGI there also exist differentiation mechanisms represented by small private quality labels implemented by farmers. The development of a Logit model based on a survey to farmers has allowed to identify which are those variables with greater influence in the decision of integration into the PGI. Additionally, results show how this Indication is an important instrument to support some specific livestock systems trough the marketing and promotion of their production. So, the PGI can be considered as a rural development instrument that increased the added value of certain products in less favoured areas, while private labels focus on integrating greater and more intensive farms, more competitive and better adapted to market exigencies.

Keywords

Beef cattle sector; differentiation mechanism; Logit model; Protected Geographic Indication

Subject classification

Q13;Q18.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Atance, I.; Bardají, I. y Tió, C. (2003). «Instrumentos de Diferenciación de la Producción en el Sector de la Carne de Vacuno». Distribución y Consumo, 68:68-81.

Bardají, I, (2002). «Crisis y oportunidades en el sector vacuno». Economistas, 91 Extra: 108-117.

Barrena, R.; Sánchez, M.; Gil, J.M.; Gracia, A. y Rivera, L.M. (2003). «La Certificación como Estrategia para la Recuperación de la Confianza del Consumidor en la Adquisición de la Carne de Ternera». Economía Agraria y Recursos Naturales, 3(1):7-29. https://doi.org/10.7201/earn.2003.01.01

Beriaín, M.J. y Lizaso, G. (1997). «Calidad de la Carne de Vacuno». En C. Buxadé (Ed.) Vacuno de carne: aspectos claves. Mundi-Prensa, Madrid.

Bredahl, M.E. y Normile, M.A. (2001). «Trade Impacts of Voluntary Standards for Livestock Products». Symposium on Trade and Livestock Products. International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium. Auckland. Nueva Zelanda, 18-19 de enero, pp. 7-79.

Fearne, A.; Hornibrook, S. y Dedman, S. (2001). «The Management of Perceived Risk in the Food Supply Chain: a Comparative Study of Retailer-led Beef Quality Assurance Schemes in Germany and Italy». International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 4:19-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1096-7508(01)00068-4

González, M.; Fernández; M. y Arruñada, B. (2003). «Quality Assurance Mechanisms in Agrifood: The Case of the Spanish Fresh Meat Sector». International Journal of Technology Management (en prensa). https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.394303

Gobierno de Navarra (2002). Manual de Estadística Agraria. Navarra y Comarcas. Año 2000. Gobierno de Navarra. Departamento de Agricultura, Ganadería y Alimentación. Pamplona.

Green,W.H. (1991). Econometric Analysis. Mcmillan. Basingstoke.

IGP Ternera de Navarra (varios años). Memoria de Actividades. IGP Ternera de Navarra. Pamplona.

Ingrand, S.; Carrasco, I.; Devun, J.; Laroche, J.M. y Dedieu, B. (2001). «L’implications des éleveurs de bovins-viande dans les filières de qualité correspond-elle à des conduites d’élevage spécifiques?». INRA Productions Animales, 14:105-118.

Instituto Nacional de Estadística (2001). Censo Agrario 1999. INE. Madrid.

Langreo, A. (2002). «Los Mercados de Carne en España en el Proceso de Verticalización».

Distribución y Consumo, 62:43-67.

MAPA (2003). La Alimentación en España, 2001. Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación. Madrid.

Porcal, M.C. (2002). «Transformaciones Recientes de las Explotaciones Agrícolas y Ganaderas de Navarra: Balance de una Década y Contrastes Espaciales». Jornada Autonómica de la Comunidad de Navarra sobre el Libro Blanco de la Agricultura y el Desarrollo Rural. Pamplona, noviembre 2002.

Sánchez, M; Sanjuán, A. y Akl, G. (2001). «El Distintivo de la Calidad como Indicador de la Seguridad Alimentaria en Carne de Vacuno y Cordero». Economía Agraria y Recursos Naturales, 1(1):77-94. https://doi.org/10.7201/earn.2001.01.04

Spriggs, J.; Hobbs, J. y Fearne, A. (2000). «Beef Producer Attitudes to Coordination and Quality Assurance in Canada and the UK». International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 3:95-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1096-7508(00)00030-6

Ward, C.E; y Estrada, T.L. (2002). Beef Industry Alliances: Motivation and Characteristics. OSU. Extension Facts. Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service. Oklahoma State University.

Abstract Views

341
Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




 Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2174-7350   ISSN: 1578-0732   https://doi.org/10.4995/earn