Intermediate rings of complex-valued continuous functions


  • Amrita Acharyya University of Toledo
  • Sudip Kumar Acharyya University of Calcutta
  • Sagarmoy Bag University of Calcutta
  • Joshua Sack California State University



z-ideals, zâ—¦-ideals, algebraically closed field, C-type rings, zero divisor graph


For a completely regular Hausdorff topological space X, let C(X, C) be the ring of complex-valued continuous functions on X, let C ∗ (X, C) be its subring of bounded functions, and let Σ(X, C) denote the collection of all the rings that lie between C ∗ (X, C) and C(X, C). We show that there is a natural correlation between the absolutely convex ideals/ prime ideals/maximal ideals/z-ideals/z â—¦ -ideals in the rings P(X, C) in Σ(X, C) and in their real-valued counterparts P(X, C) ∩ C(X). These correlations culminate to the fact that the structure space of any such P(X, C) is βX. For any ideal I in C(X, C), we observe that C ∗ (X, C)+I is a member of Σ(X, C), which is further isomorphic to a ring of the type C(Y, C). Incidentally these are the only C-type intermediate rings in Σ(X, C) if and only if X is pseudocompact. We show that for any maximal ideal M in C(X, C), C(X, C)/M is an algebraically closed field, which is furthermore the algebraic closure of C(X)/M ∩C(X). We give a necessary and sufficient condition for the ideal CP (X, C) of C(X, C), which consists of all those functions whose support lie on an ideal P of closed sets in X, to be a prime ideal, and we examine a few special cases thereafter. At the end of the article, we find estimates for a few standard parameters concerning the zero-divisor graphs of a P(X, C) in Σ(X, C).


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Author Biographies

Amrita Acharyya, University of Toledo

Department of Mathematics and Statistics

Sudip Kumar Acharyya, University of Calcutta

Department of Pure Mathematics

Sagarmoy Bag, University of Calcutta

Department of Pure Mathematics

Joshua Sack, California State University

Department of Mathematics and Statistics


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How to Cite

A. Acharyya, S. K. Acharyya, S. Bag, and J. Sack, “Intermediate rings of complex-valued continuous functions”, Appl. Gen. Topol., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 47–65, Apr. 2021.



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