Effect of tropical green forage Pueraria phaseoloides addition to a pelleted complete feed on rabbit growth performance and digestion
Keywords:blood cells, digestibility, growth, health, Pueraria phaseoloides, rabbit
The aim of this work was to study the effect of tropical green forage on rabbit growth performance and apparent digestibility. Thirty rabbits weaned at 35 d of age were individually caged and allotted to 2 dietary treatments. From 35 to 90 d of age, the control group C was fed ad libitum with commercial pelleted diet C only, while the test group was fed the C diet and forage Pueraria phaseoloides (Pp) ad libitum. Individual water and feed intake, body weight gain, nutrient apparent digestibility, red and white blood cells were studied. Mean housing temperature was 27.7°C. Water intake (35-90 d) did not differ between the 2 groups (mean=128 mL/d), whereas feed intake (35-90 d) was twice as high, with Pp (114 vs. 56 g; P=0.02). Forage intake doubled every 2 wk, averaging 50% of the total intake from 35 to 90 d of age. The growth rate was higher (+30%) in the Pp group after weaning (35-49 d) but did not differ between groups thereafter. The feed conversion was higher for the Pp group after weaning only (+ 87%; P<0;05). Weight of rabbits and feed efficiency were not affected by forage addition. Organic matter digestibility of diet C alone was roughly twofold higher compared to C+Pp (P=0.03). Red blood cells were not affected by treatments (4.1×1012 cells/L). However, the white blood cell count was higher in Pp than in C group (7.4×109 vs. 3.9×109 cells/L; P<0.01). P. phaseoloides may be used as a complement to a balanced pelleted feed, but further studies with a large number of rabbits are necessary to analyse the potential impact on health status.
Akoutey A., Kpodekon M.T. 2012. Performances zootechniques de lapereaux recevant desaliments granulés contenant du Pueraria phaseoloides. Tropicultura, 30: 161-166.
Akoutey A., Kpodekon M.T., Bannelier C., Gidenne T. 2012. Nutritive value of sun-dried Pueraria phaseoloides for rabbits under tropical conditions. World Rabbit Sci., 20: 209-213. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2012.1230
Baylos M., Menoyo D., Chamorro S., Sainz A., Nicodemus N., de Blas C., Carabaño R. 2008. Effect of dietary level and source of glutamine on intestinal health in the post weaning period. In Proc: 9th World Rabbit Congress, June 10-13, 2008 Verona-Italy, 229-233.
Bleyere M.N., Kimsé M., Amonkan A.K., Fantodji A.T., Yapo P.A. 2013. Changes of Blood Cells in Growing Young Rabbit (Oryctolagus Cuniculus) with Fodder as a Dietary Supplement in Côte d’Ivoire. J. Anim. Prod. Adv., 3: 134-143. https://doi.org/10.5455/japa.20130411110051
Blood D.C., Studdert V.P. 1999. Saunders comprehensive veterinary dictionary, 2nd ed. WB Saunder, New York.
E.G.R.A.N. 2001. Technical note: Attempts to harmonise chemical analyses of feeds and faeces, for rabbit feed evaluation. World Rabbit Sci., 9: 57-64. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.2001.446
Gidenne, T., Jehl, N., Segura, M. and Michalet-Doreau, B. 2002. Microbial activity in the caecum of the rabbit around weaning: impact of a dietary fibre deficiency and of intake level. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol., 99: 107-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(02)00138-4
Gidenne T., Lebas F., Fortune-Lamothe L. 2010. Feeding behaviour in rabbits. In Feeding behaviour of rabbits. de Blas C., Wiseman J., Nutrition of the rabbit, 2010, CAB International Ed., 233-252. ttps://doi.org/10.1079/9781845936693.0233
Hiep, N.V., Man N.V. 2008. Utilization of kudzu leaves (Pueraria phaseoloides) as a protein source for growing rabbits, In Proceeding MEKARN Rabbit Conference: Organic rabbit production from forages, Reg Preston and Nguyen Van Thu Ed., Cantho University, Vietnam. November 2008. 25-27 http://www.mekarn.org/prorab/hiep.htm. Accessed July 2017.
Hiep N.V., Wiktorsson H., Man N.V. 2008. The effect of cutting interval on foliage yield and chemical composition of Tropical Kudzu (Pueraria phaseoloides) cultivated as cover-crop in rubber plantation. Liv. Res. for Rural. Dev. 20: supplement. Available at: http://www.lrrd.cipav.org.co/lrrd20/supplement/hiep1.htm. Accessed July 2017.
Jenkins J.R. 1999. Feeding recommendations for the house rabbit. In The Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice, 2: 143-151.
Kimsé M., Soro D., Bléyéré M.N., Yapi Y.N., Fantodji A. 2013. Apport d’un fourrage vert tropical, Centrosema pubescens, en complément au granulé: effet sur les performances de croissance et sanitaire du lapin (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci., 7: 1234-1242. https://doi.org/10.4314/ijbcs.v7i3.29
Kimsé M., Gnanda B., Beugré G., Bodji N.C., Fantodji T.A. 2014. Effect of associated using of commercial feed supplementation and green forage on rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) growth and health. Sci. Agri., 2: 114-119. https://doi.org/10.15192/PSCP.SA.2014.2.3.114119
Kimsé M., Bayourthe C., Monteils V., Fortun-Lamothe L., Cauquil L., Combes S., Gidenne T. 2012. Live yeast stability in rabbit digestive tract: Consequences on the caecal ecosystem, digestion, growth and digestive health. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol., 173: 235-243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2012.01.012
Martignon M.H., Combes S., Gidenne T. 2010. Digestive physiology and hindgut bacterial community of the young rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus): Effects of age and short-term intake limitation. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A Mol. Integr. Physiol. 156: 156-162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2010.01.017
Omoikhoje S.O., Bamgbose A.M., Aruna M.B., Animashahun R.A. 2006. Response of weaner rabbits to concentrate supplemented with varying levels of Syndrella nodiflora forage. Pak. J. Nutr., 5: 577-579. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjn.2006.577.579
Perez J.M., Lebas F., Gidenne T., Maertens L., Xiccato G., Parigi-Bini R., Dalle Zotte A. 1995. European reference method for in vivo determination of diet digestibility in rabbits. World Rabbit Sci., 3: 41-43. https://doi.org/10.4995/wrs.1995.239
Tome, D. 2004. Protein, amino acids and the control of food intake. Brit. J. Nut., 92: S27-S30. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN20041138
Van Soest P.J., Robertson J.B., Lewis B.A. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci., 74: 3583-3597.
This journal is licensed under a "Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)".