Paramyxovirus associated with pneumonia in a Dwarf rabbit


  • R. Ducatelle University of Gent
  • D. Vanrompay University of Gent
  • G. Charlier National Veterinary Institute



Respiratory diseases in rabbits usually are associated with Pasteurella multocida infections. With the exception of myxomatosis and Rabbit Haemorrhagic disease, naturally occurring viral respiratory diseases have not been described in rabbits to our knowledge. In this report a natural outbreak of acute fatal pneumonia associated with the presence of paramyxovirus-like particles is described. The lung lesion was characterized by giant cell alveolitis. The results of this study should encourage virus isolation attempts in cases of acute respiratory disease in rabbits, in order to gain further insight in the possible role of viruses in rabbit pneumonia.


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