Smart port city of Odessa: brilliant embodiment of Vitruvius` theories of beauty

Andrey Dobrolubsky, Nadia Ieksarova, Vladimir Yeksarov

Abstract

The condition of successivedevelopment, sustainability of the whole is a continuous relation between the present, the past and the future. An interdisciplinary approach aimed to create the holistic picture of the world helps to get an objective assessment of the logic of the environment changing process. The birth of a new Polis of the North Black Sea Region at the end of 18th c. led to the complex of geostrategic economic prerequisites for the development of the southern territories of the Russian Empire.The generation of the founders of the port city of Odessa (J. de Ribas, F. de Volan etc.) was formed in the era of European classicism the cultural context of which “was washed by the Gulf Stream of antiquity”. Noospheric approach was manifested in the ability to create reality by means of techniques mentioned in Vitruvius` theories of beauty. The characteristic featureof the development of Odessa is creating the comfortable environment in harsh, aggressive conditions of the southern steppe zone – “deadly heat in the summer and terrible blizzards in the winter, sandy and alkaline soil, lack of freshwater springs”. Taking into consideration astronomical, climatic and hydrogeological factors, they chose the harbour, the place to create the port city of Odessa, perfectly well. They provided optimal sun exposure and healthy living conditions. F. de Volan`scity planof Odessa is themaster plan of the world`ssocio-natural development. The genetic code of the unique Polis culture was established in 1794, in accordance with the requirements of eurhythmy-harmony -Strength, Utility and Beauty by Vitruvius.


Keywords

smart city; Odessa; genetic code; Vitruvius theory

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References

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Universitat Politècnica de València

e-ISSN: 2444-9091 http://dx.doi.org/10.4995/vitruvio