Off-Shore wind potential estimation along the coast of Chile by using scatterometer and Reanalysis data
Keywords:QuikSCAT, ERA-interim, Weibull, Rayleigh, Capacity factor
This work presents the first offshore wind potential estimation over the coast of Chile using long term data series from “QuikSCAT (V04) wind vectors” and ERA-interim’s wind product between 1999-2009 and 1979-2012, respectively. Weibull and Rayleigh’s distribution were used to adjust the data series from the study period to find the probability density function, mean wind speed, maximum and minimum from each data series adjusted per pixel. Power generation and a capacity factor were estimated for the whole scene using three wind turbine models corresponding to 3.6, 5.0 and 8.0 MW. The images obtained from the data processing were grouped into three different wind power zones named (A) located up north, (B) in the center and (C) down south-center. The mean capacity factors are higher than 20%, moreover B and C areas have an average of 36%. This work shows the high wind power potential to generate electricity by using wind off-shore technologies along the coast of Chile.
BARTHELMIE RJ, COURTNEY MS, HOJSTRUP J, LARSEN SE. 1996. “Meteorological aspects of offshore wind energy: observations from the Vindeby wind farm.” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 62, 2,191-211 doi:10.1016/S0167-6105(96)00077-3
DEE DP et. al., 2011: The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137: 553–597. doi:10.1002/qj.828
DGF. 2012. “Explorador de Energía Eólica” URL: http://ernc.dgf.uchile.cl/Explorador/Eolico2
DVORAK., M., ARCHER, C. & JACOBSON, M. 2010. “California offshore wind energy potential”, Energy Re-newable, 35, 1244 – 1254. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2009.11.022
European Wind Energy Association (EWEA). 2013. The European offshore wind industry - key trends and statistics. Official Report.
GOKCEK, M., BAYULKEN, A. & SUKRU, B. 2007. “Investigation of wind characteristics and wind energy potential in Kriklareli, Turkey”. Renewable Energy, 32, 1739 – 1752. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2006.11.017
HASAGER CB, ET AL. 2006. “Quantifying offshore wind resources from satellite wind maps: study area the North Sea.” Wind Energy, 9, 63–74. doi:10.1002/we.190
HONG, L. & MÜLLER, B. 2011. “Offshore wind energy potential in China: Under technical, spatial and economic
Constraints”, Energy, 36, 4482 – 4491. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2011.03.071
MANWELL JF, ET AL. 2002. “Wind energy explained: theory, design and application.” West Sussex, UK: Wiley. doi:10.1002/0470846127
MORALES, L., LANG, F. & MATTAR, C. 2012. “Mesoscale wind speed simulation using CALMET MODEL and Reanalysis information: An application to wind potential”. Energy Renewable, 48, 57 – 71. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2012.04.048
MUNDACA, L. 2013. “Climate change and energy policy in Chile: Up in smoke?” Energy Policy, 52, 235-248. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2012.08.073
PERVEEN, R., KISHOR, N. & MOHANTY, S. 2014. “Off-shore wind farm development: Present status and chal-lenges”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 29, 780 – 792. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.108
PIMENTA, F., ET AL. 2008. “Combining meteorological stations and satellite data to evaluate the offshore wind power resource of southeastern Brazil” Renewable Energy, 33, 11, 2375–2387. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.01.012
SAFARI, B. & GASORE, J. 2010. “A statistical investigation of wind characteristics and wind energy potential based on the Weibull and Rayleigh models in Rwanda” Renewable Energy, 35, 12, 2874-2880. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2010.04.032
SAIDUR, R., RAHIM, N.A., ISLAM, M.R. & SOLANGI, K.H. 2011. “Environmental impact of wind energy”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 2423–2430.
VIEGAS, M & IGLESIAS, G. 2013. “Wave and offshore wind potential for the island of Tenerife”, Energy Conver-sion and Management, 76, 738 – 745. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2013.08.020
WATTS, D. & JARA, D. 2011. “Statistical analysis of wind energy in Chile” Renewable Energy, 36, 1603-1613. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2010.10.005
YANIKTEPE, B., KOROGLU, T & SAVRUN, M. 2013. “Investigation of wind characteristics and wind energy potential in Osmaniye, Turkey”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 21, 703 – 711. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2013.01.005
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International